New StatCan data shows how Canada is failing new generations of Black youth (February 2020)
Insights on Canadian Society
Results from the 2016 Census: Education and labour market integration of Black youth in Canada – Findings Release Date February 2020
- Black youth who were between the ages of 9 and 13 in 2006 were as likely as other Canadian youth to have a high school diploma in 2016 (approximately 90%).
- Young Black males and females aged 13 to 17 in 2006 were less likely than their counterparts in the rest of the population to have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree in 2016.
- The gap between postsecondary graduation rates for Black youth and other youth remained after accounting for differences in socioeconomic and family characteristics. Other factors not measured by the Census of Population could be the source of these differences.
- Young Black males were nearly twice as likely as other young males to be not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2016. This gap decreased but remained significant after socioeconomic factors were taken into account. Conversely, there was no difference between young Black females and other young females, after factoring in family and socioeconomic characteristics.
- The discrimination experienced by the Black population could explain some of the results of the study. For example, in 2014, 13% of Black Canadians, compared to 6% of their non-Black counterparts, reported experiencing discrimination at work or in the context of a hiring process. (Statistic Canada, 150 Stats Canada, Released February 2020)
- The gap in median annual wages between Black men and their counterparts in the rest of the population has persisted over time
- Black immigrant women have a higher rate of lone parenthood than other immigrant women. In 2016, nearly 30% of Black immigrant women aged 25 to 59 were lone-parents. This was 20 percentage points higher among women in the rest of the immigrant population. (Statistic Canada, 150 Stats Canada, Released February 2020)
Five Charts that Show What Systemic Racism Looks like in Canada (March 2020) CTVNews.ca
- “First-generation Black Canadians make an average income of nearly $37,000, compared to an average income of $50,000 for new immigrants who are not members of a visible minority.” (CTVnews, March 2020)